The Basic Sources Of Clean Water


Water is one of the most important elements in life. It takes about seventy percent of the earth’s surface and sixty percent of the human body. However, about ninety-eight percent of water on the earth is water from the ocean and cannot be used for human consumption. Only about two percent is considered fresh and a percentage of it is in form of polar ice caps and glaciers. The need for clean water is at large because it powers up the human body. Fresh or clean water is a known renewable source.


The most common sources of clean water are the surface water, under river flow, groundwater, frozen water and desalination. Surface water refers to the water in lakes, rivers and other fresh wetlands. Though surface water diminishes when discharged as evaporation, groundwater recharge and released to the oceans, it is also refilled through precipitation process. Under river flow source is the naturally flowing fresh watercourse in the river. Water from the groundwater source is the fresh water that is found in the subsurface opening space among the soil and rocks. Groundwater can be augmented by the water inflow from surface water and reduces by springs and outflow to the oceans. The frozen water represented by icebergs and glaciers have been planned to use as water source but has not succeeded up to this time. Desalination is a process in which saline water is renewed to become fresh water. Some of the popular desalination processes are the reverse osmosis and distillation.

Sources of fresh and clean water take up a very small percentage in the over-all quantity of water in the globe. And people cannot create clean water but can only manage water sources. Though we are not yet on the verge of water scarcity, the idea that water which can be consumed by human is of little amount only is a distressing thing to think about. Nowadays, there are available distribution systems that are used to transport the clean water from the sources to human. Each nation and culture has different distribution systems. The most common are the reservoirs, pipes and pumps that are used to transfer water directly to homes and establishments.


The water used in these distribution systems came from either groundwater or surface water or water that has undergone purifying treatments. Whatever distribution systems are used, they all came with infrastructure that are costly. Even the maintenance and distribution of these systems requires money. In addition, it is very important that these are properly taken care of because once they flop, contamination and pollution sets in resulting to serious health damages.

How Smoking Affects The Lungs


Smoking cigarettes is very dangerous to our health. It affects and damages most of our organs primarily the lungs. About eighty percent or more of lung cancer can be associated to smoking. Cigarettes contain more than four thousand chemicals that can cause damage to our body. It initiates changes that can be abrupt or with short time effects to long term diseases that will eventually cause deaths. It affects how our body filters air and cleans out the lungs. The smoke infuriates the lungs resulting to production of excessive and thicker mucus.


Aside from that, it stops the cilia in cleaning out the airways from dirt and dust. When the cilia are paralyzed, there is an accumulation of mucus and other contaminated substances that will block the lungs. The excessive mucus can cause chronic bronchitis or commonly known as the smoker’s cough in layman’s term. Asthma is also one illness that is caused by cigarette smoking. Asthma attacks happen when people start suffering from asthma and their irritated air passages contracts when exposed to smoking.

When the lungs are exposed to smoking over a long period of time, the normal structure of the lungs is damaged by tobacco banes. A condition called emphysema is developed. Emphysema triggers when the elastic walls of the small airways are broken and the lung tissue which are used for the transmission of oxygen from the air to blood is condensed. Alveoli, which are the air sacs of the lungs, are sensitive to smoke from cigarettes.

Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide cannot function efficiently when the alveoli are damaged. These will cause shortness of breath, coughing and exposure to lung infections like pneumonia. These conditions will worsen if continually exposed to smoking and will progress into respiratory failure. Long term and continuous smoking will develop tar deposits along the linings of the lungs and will lead to deterioration of cells. If deposits of toxic chemicals will continue for a long period of time, it can be that a tumor will develop around the area.


Cigarettes cause damage from the first stick smoked down to the last. The good news about it is that there is recovery for these negative conditions once smoking is stopped. Quitting smoking can prevent these illnesses to worsen. The lungs are one of the most vital parts of the body and needs to be taken care of.

Healthy Homemade Dog Treats


It is best to prepare dog food at home instead of purchasing it from the stores. It is easy to make homemade dog treats and moreover they come with lots of benefits for your pet. When you prepare treats for your dog at home, you know what exact ingredients you are adding and thus can be sure of it being absolutely safe. However, the ready-made treats may contain various such ingredients that your little pet might be allergic to, and of course you would not want your pet to suffer. Moreover, you cannot be sure if the ready-made treats fulfill your pet’s nutritional requirements. So, to help you prepare the perfect treats for your dogs, below are given some amazing homemade dog treats recipes.



Bone bonanza treat Ingredients

Uncooked ground beef — 1/2lb

Chicken broth — A cup

Mashed black beans – A cup

Cottage cheese — A cup

Soy sauce — 2tsp


Take a large bowl and in it mix together the ground beef and chicken broth. Add the mashed black beans, cottage cheese and soy sauce to the mixture. Mix properly and give them the shape of bones. Place them on a greased cookie sheet and bake it in the oven at 375 degrees Fahrenheit for 40 minutes. After the treats cools down you can store them in an airtight jar.


Pethedge Treat Ingredients

Whole wheat flour — 6 cups

Milk — 1 cup

Eggs — 3

Vegetable oil — 11 tbsp

Onion powder — 2 pinches

Salt — 2 tsp

Cold water — 1 cup

Vegetable oil – 1 tbsp


First, using the vegetable oil grease your cookie sheets and set your oven to preheat at 350 degree Fahrenheit. In a bowl, add the flour, milk, eggs and onion powder and mix well to form dough. Take pieces from the dough and roll them into 2 inch balls, and bake them in the preheated oven for 40 minutes. Once the biscuits cool down you can store them in an airtight jar.


Chicken Kibble Ingredients

Chicken breasts

Rice — 2 cups

Fat free cottage cheese


Put the chicken breasts in a microwave safe container and allow it to cook in your microwave. Take them out and cut them in finger sized pieces. Cook the rice and mix it with the chicken pieces. Add some salt and other seasonings of your dog’s choice. When you want to feed you dog combine half the kibble along with the chicken rice mixture and to this add the cottage cheese.

Cheese bone biscuit Ingredients

Un-sifted flour — 2 cups

Shredded cheddar cheese — 1

Finely chopped garlic – 2 cloves

Vegetable oil — 1 cup

Water — 5 tbsp



Preheat your oven to 400 degree Fahrenheit. Draw some bone shapes in a cardboard and cut them out, or you may also use a dog bone shaped cookie cutter. In the food processor bowl add cheese, flour, vegetable oil and garlic, and whirl this mixture till you get a coarse consistency. Add a little water and mix till you get sticky dough.

Divide the mixture in 12 parts and roll out to about half an inch thickness. Cut them in bone shapes and place them in a cookie sheet. Bake for about 15 minutes or till the biscuits have become slightly brown. Allow them to cool and serve them to your pet.

Chest Wrinkles


Skin wrinkles on the chest are something most of us never think about until we start looking beyond middle age. That’s because most people don’t develop chest wrinkles until they reach their late 50s or early 60s. When they do begin to form they can be an unsightly embarrassment which drastically affects a person’s lifestyle. Many people are embarrassed to the extent that they won’t go swimming, or enjoy a day at the beach, if that means their chests must be uncovered.


Chest wrinkles are part of the natural aging process which everyone undergoes. And while we can’t stop aging, there are some other factors involved in chest wrinkles that we do have some control over. Some of the things that contribute to the onset of chest wrinkles include:

  • excessive sun exposure
  • cigarette smoking,
  • excess weight loss and lack of exercise
  • reduction in hormone levels (in women only)
  • gravity


The Mechanics

Regardless of whether your chest wrinkles are solely the result of aging, or the combination of aging and some of the other factors mentioned above, the mechanics behind the wrinkles are the same. During the peak physical years of a person’s life, his skin remains tightly stretched over the muscles and fat deposits. But as we age, bone density, muscle mass, and fat deposits all begin to recede. Since the skin does not shrink to the same extent, it tends to sag and wrinkle. Those wrinkles are made worse due to the natural forces of gravity.

Regular exercise that keeps the chest muscles firm and toned is one way to help fight against chest wrinkles. You don’t need to exercise excessively to the point of bulking up muscle mass, all you need is just enough to keep the chest muscles firm. A personal trainer can guide you in the type of exercises, and their duration, to accomplish a firm chest. Just be careful not to over exercise and build excess muscle mass, or you’ll have to continue that rate of exercise to prevent future muscle loss and subsequent wrinkles.

Other Treatments for Chest Wrinkles


Another very good treatment for chest wrinkles is to use sunblock whenever your chest will be uncovered outdoors. Make sure your sunblock has an SPF rating that is suitable for blocking most ultraviolet rays. In addition to protecting your skin from further damage, this sort of sunblock also helps somewhat in rebuilding and rejuvenating damaged skin. Remember that sun block needs to be reapplied every few hours if you plan to be outside for an extended period of time.

Finally, the market is flush with anti-aging creams that also can be a big help. Look for products that contain both collagen and in vitamin C, as these two ingredients are vital in maintaining healthy and youthful skin. There are some products containing enzymes that promote tissue rebuilding at the DNA level. These are also good choices that you should consider. As always, never forget the benefits of a healthy diet and plenty of rest.


Acupuncture for Depression


Needless to say, depression is one of the most rampant mental disorders in our society. It’s simply a disorder that can affect anyone at some point throughout their lifetime, or in some cases, throughout their whole lifetime. That aside, we’re going to look at a fairly new treatment method being used in the medical world. That treatment method is using acupuncture for depression. The most common way to treat depression is through the use of antidepressants or the practice of physcotherapy. More recently, a combination of the two has been used, as it has been proven to be fairly effective. Nonetheless, many find themselves completely against the idea of taking pills to help their condition, and look for alternate treatments. For those individuals, acupuncture for depression is a fairly viable option that has been gaining popularity in the medical world.


Before moving on, it’s important to be aware that acupuncture is not the only alternative treatment for depression. There are quite a few alternative treatments for depression, and some of the most common include:

  • Homeopathic remedies
  • Yoga
  • Exercise and keeping a healthy diet
  • Meditation

There are others, but these are general the most well-known and widely accepted alternative treatments in the medical community.

What is Acupuncture?

Fairly common question. Acupuncture is a procedure that has been around for several years, and was first used in China a few thousand years ago. By definition, acupuncture is a method where the patient has needless inserted into their skin. Sounds painful, but it really is not painful at all. It has been found to help with physical and mental pain, and treat various other diseases. These needles are extremely thin, to the point that they barely prick the skin when inserted.

There are very few studies that have researched whether or not acupuncture really works in treating depression, and those studies that have been done have not been completely conclusive. Regardless, many patients suffering from depression symptoms have reported that their symptoms subsided greatly after having acupuncture done. There has been one study that looked at acupuncture and depression; one that is fairly well known in the medical community. The study looked at the use of acupuncture for depression among pregnant women, and the results were extremely positive. Many pregnant women found themselves feeling less depressed in a matter of weeks.

Can Acupuncture Help Depression?

Needless to say, due to the fact that acupuncture being used to treat depression is a fairly new practice, it is one that is still widely debated. Some professionals believe it works, while others disagree and say there is no way. The general view regarding acupuncture for depression is that it can help in relieving the symptoms, but in most cases of major depression, it is simply not enough. Like any type of alternative treatment, you should not even consider using acupuncture for depression until you have spoken to a health professional. Only they can determine whether it’s a viable treatment option for your case, and if not, determine what type of treatment is mandated.

Acupuncture therapy - alternative medicine. Portrait of a beautiful woman in acupuncture therapy

So, can acupuncture help depression? Yes, but it’s by no means been proven scientifically, which is why it should only be used at the recommendation of a medical health professional. There certainly will be more studies in the future that will look at accupunture and depression, and whether or not there is a link in acupuncture curing depression.

If you feel you may be suffering from depression, it is important to visit a medical health professional. You should not rely on acupuncture, as again, research on the link between acupuncture and depression is not yet conclusive.